학술논문, 교정, 번역, 워크숍 등에 대한 문의사항이나 궁금하신 점이 있으시면
언제라도 글을 남겨주세요.
When she discovered that her boyfriend was a cheater, she _____________.
a) dropped him like a hot potato
b) dropped him like flies
c) dropped him in boiling water
The correct answer is a) dropped him like a hot potato. This expression comes from the 1800s and can be used today to express the rapid abandonment of a relationship or commitment. The expression probably originated from the fact that cooked potatoes remain hot for a long time and are difficult to hold onto.
b) dropped him like flies is an erroneous expression. The actual expression is “dropped like flies”. When flies die, they fall to the ground on their own. They are not dropped by someone; they drop on their own. The expression means that many people died or many people were unable to perform a duty. It is a callous, not compassionate expression.
When the tanks rolled in, people dropped like flies. (were killed)
People were dropping like flies at work yesterday. (getting sick and leaving)
c) dropped him in boiling water would be interpreted literally and is thus not appropriate (unless her boyfriend was a lobster).
Have a wonderful day! See you next time at Compecs Connection.
Soo ____________ English quite easily.
a) brought up
b) picked up
c) took up
The correct answer is b) picked up.
Pick up has several common usages and must always be considered in context to understand the meaning.
In the sample sentence, pick up means learn or acquire knowledge.
Sue picked up Japanese without even trying.
Another definition is to lift something and put it somewhere, such as when cleaning.
Mrs. Kim picked up the toys so the housekeeper could vacuum.
The police use this term when they take a criminal into custody.
The police picked up the suspect for questioning.
It is also commonly used to mean buy.
Could you pick up some milk when you go to the store?
a) Brought up is frequently used to mean mentioned or introduced into conversation.
Sara brought up their fight from the night before.
It is also often used instead of ‘raised’ in terms of child development.
After her husband died, Margaret brought up 3 children all by herself.
c) Took up is frequently used to mean to begin a new hobby. It does not include the sense of learning that “pick up” includes, so it is not a good fit for the sample sentence. Here it simply means began.
Joon took up knitting in her spare time.
It can also mean to occupy.
Steven took up a seat in the classroom but he never participated so he might as well have stayed home.
Finally, it is commonly employed apologetically in the expression “took up your time” which means used and implies that the time was lengthy or that the other party did not consent to giving up so much time.
I took up too much of your time already.
I don’t want to take up any more of your time, so I will go.
You can pick up Compecs Connection next week on Kakao. See you then!
We hope you will participate in the kickoff event.
The correct answer is a) commencement. The term kickoff comes from American football; it is the action that marks the start of a game. In everyday language, the term “kickoff” can be used figuratively to indicate the start of any event or series.
The mystery series kicked off with a murder.
b) To “kick out someone” or “kick someone out” means to evict them.
Mrs. Kim kicked her no good husband out of the house.
c) To “kick someone off” can mean to remove someone from a group or team. We cannot “kick off someone”.
Sue was kicked off the panel for chronic tardiness.
d) As mentioned in a) the term “kickoff” is the starting event in American football. As such, it can be used literally.
The kickoff will be at noon, and we expect the game to end about 2.
We hope you can use this sporty term at the beginning of your next event.
It’s going to snow this week. We need to _________ our house.
The correct answer is b) winterize. Winterize means to prepare something for cold weather. We typically use this verb in relation to houses or cars, and we often see it in advertising.
Winterize your car with a new set of studded tires!
Every year I winterize my house by covering the windows with a plastic film.
a) Polarize means to cause to divide into two opposing groups. If it helps, you can think of the North and South Poles being on opposite ends of the Earth, just as polarized groups are on opposite sides of an issue.
Congress was polarized into Republicans who supported free trade and Democrats who supported tariffs.
It would be best not to bring up the issue as it might polarize the audience
Notice that a) and b) use the suffix “ize” to turn adjectives or nouns (like polar and winter) into transitive verbs. The suffix “ize” carries a sense of making or effecting change.
c) To mesmerize means to hold completely the attention or interest of someone.
The entire concert was mesmerizing and spellbinding.
Known for her stunning and mesmerizing looks, the actress was able to grab the hearts of viewers.
We hope you enjoyed this edition of Compecs Connection. See you next time.
How was your bulgogi?
It was ___________.
b. really good
We can use any of these answers in the proper context, but note that “delicious” is a strong adjective, whereas “good” without a modifier is overused so only sounds mildly positive.
In his Youtube channel, Young Chun pointed out that Korean speakers may misuse “delicious,” as the word seems to carry more weight in English than the Korean synonym “맛있다,” which is closer in meaning to “really good.”
I agree that delicious is a strong adjective, but we do use it to connote exceptional flavor. When food is good but nothing special, using the word “delicious” sounds insincere. However, when the food is really good and we want to intentionally flatter the cook, we might say “delicious.”
As a side note, we can tack on the modifier “absolutely” with a strong adjective to indicate that something is on the extreme end of the scale. If you went to a highly rated restaurant and the food was truly outstanding, then you could say it was “absolutely delicious” (or “absolutely” + another strong adjective).
How was your dinner at Le Bon Gout?
It was absolutely delicious.
It was absolutely fantastic.
It was absolutely incredible.
We hope you absolutely enjoyed this edition of Compecs Connection. See you next time.
Is it offensive to say “no offense?”
“No offense” is an informal, trite apology for an offensive statement. The words “no offense” are not offensive in and of themselves. However, the very fact that a speaker has to say “no offense” indicates that the speaker was knowingly offensive, and the apology sounds insincere.
No offense, but your dress is ugly.
Here are expressions that sound more sincere:
I beg your pardon. I did not mean to offend you.
Please forgive me. I did not mean to say something offensive.
I am so sorry. I did not mean to offend you.
We hope you enjoyed this edition of Compecs Connection.
다음에서 문법적으로 맞는 문장을 찾아보세요. (정답은 마지막 부분에서 확인하세요)
1. The elderly is often lumped together to include everyone over the age of sixty-five.
2. MERS is more fatal than COVID-19.
3. John lives in a wooden old big mansion.
1. 형용사는 명사의 성질이나 상태를 나타내며, 주로 명사 앞에 오거나, 보어로 쓰인다.
예제) This pretty dress was worn only once.
John is handsome.
2. 형용사가 뒤에 오는 경우도 있다
a) 불특정의 사람이나 사물을 가리키는 부정 대명사(something, everyone) 와 함께 쓰일 경우
예제) something terrible, nothing wrong
b) 특정한 단어와 함께 쓰여서 관용적으로 쓰이는 경우
예제) The president elect, court martial, God almighty
c) 두개 이상의 형용사가 비교급과 쓰일 때
예제) A model sexy and slender as X
d) 형용사구와 함께 쓰일 때
예제) A sports star rich beyond his dreams
3. ‘극도로’의 의미가 이미 포함되어 있는 경우, 비교급/최상급 사용이 가능하지 않다.
예제) dead, gorgeous, furious, exhausted, enormous, entire, universal
4. 여러 개의 형용사를 활용할 경우, 일반적인 배치 순서
한정사(a, six, this/that, several, some) → 외형적 묘사(크기, 모양, 나이, 색깔 순) → 근원 → 재료 → 수식어
예제) a beautiful old Spanish house, a big ancient red brick wall, those short blue French bulldogs
5. 관사를 붙여서 집합명사로 쓰는 경우(항상 복수로 취급한다)
예제) the rich, the elderly, the young and the restless, the unemployed
The expensive are not always the invaluable.
6. ‘-ed’ 로 끝나는 형용사(분사) 뒤에는 일반적으로 전치사가 따라와야 한다.
예제) He was interested in X, He was shocked at Y, He was worried about Z.
8. 이중으로 비교급을 쓸 수 없다.
예제) more easier → ‘easier’가 이미 비교급이므로 ‘more’와 함께 쓸 수 없다.
정답 해설: 맞는 문장이 없음
1. The elderly is often lumped together to include everyone over 65.
집합명사는 항상 복수로 취급해야 하기 때문에, “The elderly are often lumped together…” 로 수정되어야 한다.
2. MERS is more fatal than COVID-19.
단어 “fatal”은 절대명사이기 때문에 비교급/최상급을 쓸 수 없다.
따라서 “MERS has a significantly higher case fatality rate than COVID-19.” 이 적합한 표현 중 하나가 된다.
3. John lives in a wooden old big house.
형용사의 순서가 잘못되었다. 맞는 순서는 “John lives in a big old wooden house.”
Choose the best word for each of these questions. How would you reply?
What (date/day) is it?
What’s the (date/day) today?
For the first question, the correct choice is “day.”
Day refers to one of the seven days of the week-- SunDAY, MonDAY, and so on—and the correct reply to this question is the appropriate day of the week, Sunday through Saturday. We ask the above question when we cannot remember which day of the week it is.
What day is it?
“Date” is the term we use to refer to a more specific answer that includes numerical information. Notice in the second question we use the definite article “the.” As a memory aid, consider that the definite article may hint that the speaker is looking for a more specific information, thus the word of choice is “date.” Typically, the date includes the month and numerical day of the month. Whether to include the year in the date is context based.
At the office:
What is the date today?
To a person experiencing mental confusion:
What is the date today?
Today is Wednesday, March 2, 2022.
At the doctor’s office:
What’s your birthdate?
August 11, 1993.
Note that the question “What day is it?” is so common that the wording does not often vary, even though there is no grammatical reason why the word date could not appear in this question. Nonetheless, it may cause confusion to interchange the words in these sentences, so we just don’t.
(O) What day is it today?
(?) What date is it today?
Excuse me? Did you mean day or date? It’s Wednesday, March 2, 2022.
We hope you enjoyed toDAY’s entry. See you next time!
Which of these expressions means “get married”?
a) Walk down the aisle
b) Take the high road
c) Cut the apron strings
d) Tie your shoes
The correct answer is a) walk down the aisle.
Customarily, many Americans married in a church. Churches typically have an altar in the front where the minister stands and a central walkway, called an aisle, which runs from the entrance of the church to the altar. In the traditional wedding ceremony, the groom and bride enter separately and walk up the aisle from the back to join together with the minister at the front of the church. This processional is called the “walk down the aisle”. Although we most commonly use the expression “getting married,” for variety we might say that someone is “walking down the aisle”
Did you hear that Yoon is walking down the aisle on Saturday?
b) Take the high road means to make a moral choice or do the right thing, especially when others are not.
Soo chose to take the high road and not drink at the office party.
c) Cut the apron strings means to stop providing support or lessen control. We often use this expression with parent-child relationships when the parent wants the child to become more independent.
Kim’s parents cut the apron strings and he had to move out and pay for his own apartment.
d) Tie your shoes means to tie shoestrings on footwear. It is unrelated to marriage. However, the expression “tie the knot” used figuratively means “get married.”
DaYoung and Taehyeon tied the knot last weekend.
See you next time at Compecs Connection!